Transformations in Matter and Energy Carbon TIME is an NSF-funded partnership led by Michigan State University
Human Energy Systems
Carbon TIME: Human Energy Systems Unit
Human Energy Systems is one of the six Carbon TIME units. If you are new to teaching Carbon TIME, read the Carbon TIME FAQ: Which Units Should I Teach.
The Human Energy Systems Unit supports students in using core disciplinary ideas, science practices, and cross-cutting concepts to develop scientific explanations of how different energy systems transform matter and energy as they grow, move, and function.
Follow these steps to get ready to teach the Human Energy Systems Unit
Lead Editor for 2019 Version
Kirsten D. Edwards, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University
Hannah K. Miller, Department of Teacher Education, Northern Vermont University
Wendy Johnson, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University
Jenny Dauer, School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Beth Covitt, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Montana
Craig Kohn, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University
Bonnie McGill, Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas
Charles W. (Andy) Anderson, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University
Sarah Bodbyl Roels, Elizabeth Xeng de los Santos, Jennifer Doherty, Allison Freed, Bonnie McGill, Lindsey Mohan, Emily Scott, Alex Walus Beth Covitt, Jennifer Doherty, Emily Scott, Nick Verbanic
This research is supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation: A Learning Progression-based System for Promoting Understanding of Carbon-transforming Processes (DRL 1020187) and Sustaining Responsive and Rigorous Teaching Based on Carbon TIME (NSF 1440988). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation or the United States Department of Energy.
Contact the MSU Environmental Literacy Program for more information: EnvLit@msu.edu.
Before beginning the Human Energy Systems Unit, you need to decide what to teach and importantly, what not to teach! Use this page to choose the unit sequence that’s most appropriate for your students.
Some activities are TWO-TURTLE ACTIVITIES (), which place a higher demand on students. Decide whether the higher demand required by these activities will be useful or distracting for your students. The Carbon TIME Turtle Trails Document document provides further info about choices for making units more or less demanding, depending on your students’ needs.
Unless otherwise noted in the table below, all activities in the unit should be taught.
Human Energy Systems Unit Sequence and Decisions Table