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Carbon TIME: Human Energy Systems Unit


Human Energy Systems is one of the six Carbon TIME units. If you are new to teaching Carbon TIME, read the Carbon TIME FAQ: Which Units Should I Teach.

The Human Energy Systems Unit supports students in using core disciplinary ideas, science practices, and cross-cutting concepts to develop scientific explanations of how different energy systems transform matter and energy as they grow, move, and function.

Follow these steps to get ready to teach the Human Energy Systems Unit

Lead Editor for 2019 Version

Kirsten D. Edwards, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University

Principal Authors

Hannah K. Miller, Department of Teacher Education, Northern Vermont University

Wendy Johnson, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University

Jenny Dauer, School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Beth Covitt, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Montana

Craig Kohn, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University

Bonnie McGill, Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas

Charles W. (Andy) Anderson, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University

Contributing Authors

Sarah Bodbyl Roels, Elizabeth Xeng de los Santos, Jennifer Doherty, Allison Freed, Bonnie McGill, Lindsey Mohan, Emily Scott, Alex Walus Beth Covitt, Jennifer Doherty, Emily Scott, Nick Verbanic


Craig Douglas

This research is supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation: A Learning Progression-based System for Promoting Understanding of Carbon-transforming Processes (DRL 1020187) and Sustaining Responsive and Rigorous Teaching Based on Carbon TIME (NSF 1440988). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation or the United States Department of Energy.

Contact the MSU Environmental Literacy Program for more information: