Human Energy Systems | Activity 2.4

Target Student Performance

Students compare patterns of change for the four Earth systems variables and record questions about what causes the patterns and how the patterns are related to one another.

Resources You Provide

Resources Provided

Recurring Resources


Have students retrieve their completed versions of 2.1 Finding Patterns Tool for Earth Systems.


1. Use the instructional model to show students where they are in the course of the unit.


During the discussions, help students come to consensus about each phenomenon. Students may suggest connections between phenomena such as the fact that increasing global temperatures may contribute to decreased Arctic Sea ice and increased sea level. They may also suggest more specific connections such as the decrease in Arctic Sea caused the sea level rise (although this idea is incorrect because sea level rise is attributed to melting land ice, it is appropriate to let them express any ideas at this point or to direct them toward formulating this as a question to include). Use the 2.1 Assessing the Finding Patterns Tool for Earth Systems to assess students’ completed tools.


Save slide 10 to return to at the end of the unit.

  • Break students into strategic groups and have them discuss the questions independently before sharing with the whole class.
  • Provide sentence stems for discussion.
  • Compare the Evidence-Based Arguments PPT to the Predictions and Planning Tool. Have students verbalize similarities and differences in groups before sharing with the class.
Extending the Learning
  • Have students make predictions about how the results of the investigation would change if they used different phenomena.