Differentiation Target challenging vocabulary to build background knowledge that is assumed for American learners Provide lists with definitions and relevant pictures to students Begin a word wall with pictures to accompany important vocabulary Have students highlight challenging vocabulary in the reading to add to the word wall Modifications Use the 2.1 Cells: The Building Blocks of Organisms Reading with students who have not had significant exposure to cells in prior classes. Note the three options about how to engage students in discussing the size of cells Slide 10. Extending the Learning Slides 10-13 provide a VERY superficial introduction to cells, including information essential to tracing matter and energy through cellular processes, but nothing more. If your curriculum goes deeper into cell theory or into cell structure and function than these lessons, then you may want to consider adding activities, either here or in later lessons: You can add information about specialized functions of different cells in association with Slide 12, discussing a wider range of organismal functions and how each one is carried out by cells acting in concert. You can discuss organelles and their specialized functions either here or in later lessons focusing on cellular respiration (mitochondria), photosynthesis (chloroplasts), and biosynthesis (cell membrane, ribosomes).